Revisions were done to the first version of the article Addressing Environmental Migration in the European Union Discourse (now Environmentally Driven Migration in EU Discourse Norms, Policies, and Realities) based on the comments provided by the editor, as well as two fellow researchers.
Formal changes made:
Content changes made:
adjusted title to fit the contents of the article´s body - now Environmentally Driven Migration in EU Discourse Norms, Policies, and Realities
added more recent literature - mainly on the (critical) research done on environmentally induced migration and the issue of defining such persons (ontological and epistemological concerns)
reiterated goal of the study throughout the main text
added two figures showcasing the data corpus and discursive properties which were analysed in order to provide more details on the QDA that was conducted
subjective normative observations were taken out of the text, e.g. what should be done
Lastly, I have given a great deal of consideration to the reference on newer literature and included it in the article. Certainly, it has provided me a much broader perspective on this topic. I would therefore particularly like to thank the reviewer for this recommendation.
With this, I hope to have answered all the comments and recommendations in the revision of the article.
For decades, the European Union (EU) has been addressing issues related to climate change and ecological degradation as a self-proclaimed pro-environmental and human rights-oriented actor. Correspondingly, the topic of environmentally driven migration entered the EU discourse at the dawn of the new millennium. As such, environmental migrants around the world find themselves in an existential crisis and are in need of support whether it comes to questions of compensations, relocation, protection of cultural heritage etc. Thus, considering the EU’s interest in the human rights and environmental/climate issue areas, I argue it is important to ask what the Union’s approach to this matter has been. Consequently, this article assesses the European Union discourse related to the topic of environmental migration over a twenty-year period. Through the theoretical lens of the Copenhagen School of Security Studies and the normative power EU conception, this paper critically analyzes the EU’s securitization of climate change in relation to environmental migrants who are experiencing an existential threat to their lives. Based on a qualitative discourse analysis, the preliminary results imply that the topic has been receding into the background of the EU agenda. In line, environmental migrants have been pushed aside by a multiplicity of other subjects threatened by climate change, and their problems were thus not reflected in either the EU climate change or migration management policies. Overall, the findings show a shift from an alarmist discourse to pragmatism on the EU’s behalf. Thereupon, this article questions the normative standard the EU sets for itself when it comes to the case of environmental migrant protection.