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      Widening participation in community-based disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in Japan

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            This paper discusses community participation drawing on ongoing disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation projects in the communities affected by the Heavy Rain Event of 2018 in western Japan. By ‘DRR’, the paper supports the perspective of ‘DRR including CCA’. ‘Participatory’ approaches have become a mainstream methodology for community-based DRR as advocated in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. The existing participation literature addresses either the types of participation or ‘success’ factors for participation. The paper proposes there is also a challenge of ‘widening participation’, particularly in the initiatives that are already recognised as ‘good practices’. Originally widening participation was a higher education policy in the UK aiming to broaden the demographic composition of the student base. Borrowing this notion, the paper identifies how each project encourages non-participants to get involved in the project activities. The paper also draws on machizukuri [community development], which has increasingly become an overarching social policy integrating health, welfare, education and DRR. Participation is emphasised as a requisite of machizukuri in developing a resilient and sustainable community and ultimately, a democratic society.


            Author and article information

            UCL Open: Environment Preprint
            UCL Press
            4 March 2022
            [1 ] Institute of Education, UCL, 20 Bedford Way, London WC1H 0AH, UK
            [2 ] Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji City, Kyoto Prefecture, 611-0011, Japan
            Author notes
            Author information

            This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

            : 4 March 2022

            The data that support the findings of this study are available from Research participants but restrictions apply to the availability of these data, which were used under license for the current study, and so are not publicly available. Data are however available from the authors upon reasonable request and with permission of Research participants.
            Earth & Environmental sciences,Social & Behavioral Sciences
            community-based DRR and CCA,DRR including CCA,widening participation,Climate,participatory approaches,Sustainable development,participation


            Date: 23 May 2022

            Handling Editor: Dr Carla Leanne-Washborne

            Editorial decision: Request revision. The Handling Editor requested revisions; the article has been returned to the authors to make this revision.

            2022-05-27 17:10 UTC

            Reviewer comments submitted


            2022-05-09 09:18 UTC

            Date: 08 March 2022

            Handling Editor: Dr Carla Leanne-Washborne

            This article is a preprint article and has not been peer-reviewed. It is under consideration following submission to UCL Open: Environment for open peer review.

            This article is part of the Community Responses to Climate Change special series

            2022-03-08 14:09 UTC
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