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      The impact of COVID-19 related regulations and restrictions on mobility and potential for sustained climate mitigation across the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK: A data-based commentary.

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          Human behaviour change is necessary to meet targets set by the Paris Agreement to mitigate climate change. Restrictions and regulations put in place globally to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 during 2020 have had a substantial impact on everyday life, including many carbon-intensive behaviours such as transportation. Changes to transportation behaviour may reduce carbon emissions. Behaviour change theory can offer perspective on the drivers and influences of behaviour and shape recommendations for how policy-makers can capitalise on any observed behaviour changes that may mitigate climate change. For this commentary, we aimed to describe changes in data relating to transportation behavioursrelating to working from home during the COVID-19 pandemic across the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK. We display these identified changes in a concept map, suggesting links between the changes in behaviour and levels of carbon emissions. We consider these changes in relation to a comprehensive and easy to understand model of behaviour, the COM-B, to understand the capabilities, opportunities and behaviours related to the observed behaviour changes and potential policy to mitigate climate change. There is now an opportunity for policy-makers to increase the likelihood of maintaining pro-environmental behaviour changes by providing opportunities, improving capabilities and maintaining motivation for these behaviours.

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          Author and article information

          UCL Open: Environment Preprint
          UCL Press
          7 June 2021
          [1 ] Centre for Behaviour Change, Department of Clinical, Educational & Health Psychology, University College London, UK.
          [2 ] Department of Psychology, University of Bath, UK.
          [3 ] Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden.
          [4 ] Research Group Psychology for Sustainable Cities, Amsterdam Research Institute for Societal Innovation, Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences, the Netherlands.
          [5 ] Department of Psychology, Faculty of Behavioural and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.
          [6 ] Department of Computer and Information Science, Linköping University, Sweden.
          [7 ] Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden.
          [8 ] Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden
          [9 ] Department of Psychology, Faculty of Behavioural and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands
          [10 ] Department of Psychology, University of Bath, UK; Centre for Climate Change and Social Transformations (CAST).

          This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

          NA NA

          Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study.

          Social policy & Welfare, Psychology, Environmental management, Policy & Planning

          Climate change, Behaviour change, COM-B, Moment of change, COVID-19, People and their environment


          Date: 11 June 2021

          Handling Editor: Prof Dan Osborn

          This article is a preprint article and has not been peer-reviewed. It is under consideration following submission to UCL Open: Environment for open peer review.

          Additional comments by Editor:
          This article has been approved for submission and open peer review in UCL Open: Environment for the following reasons: 1) Well considered discourse on whether transport changes during Covid can affect climate change through semi-permanent modification in human behaviour; 2) A necessary stage in developing a comprehensive research agenda; 3) Appreciation of limitations on current knowledge and that a wider view of transport modes will be needed - e.g. aviation.

          2021-06-11 14:34 UTC

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