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      Effect of lockdown on activities of daily living in built environment and well-being

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            Author Summary


            COVID-19 pandemic has been unlike anything most of us have encountered in our lifetimes. Without a vaccine or drug to prevent or to treat, physical methods are the only methods of prevention. By default, built environmental factors have been brought to the forefront in dealing with it. Currently, published studies have focussed on the layout and construction of workspaces to enable physical distancing, with comments on transportation modes and distance from places of residence. The largest and most strict lockdown ever, aspects of micro built environment, or the place of living and its impact on the people was important for effective implementation of the lockdown. There has not been a formal documented of this subject. The current exploratory work assessed the effect of the immediate built environment on the daily living during the initial weeks of the lockdown. This social experiment can offer insights into how aspects of daily living are impacted by the immediate surroundings. While the effects of built environment on health (well-being, physical exercise, access to food, sleep and shift work) are recognised, this offers an unusual opportunity to assess how these were affected by voluntary isolation. Further longitudinal studies can provide information into the long-term implications, when economic burden begins to be felt as a result of the forced lockdown. In addition, transdisciplinary interactions of built environment, workplace design, distance from place of residence, stress at work and at home, hours of sleep, place for relaxation can provide a comprehensive framework for further design of spaces. 


            In an effort to arrest the spread of COVID-19 infection, a nation-wide lockdown was declared in India in March 2020. To assess how personal built environment affected the citizens in the first few weeks, an explorative online survey was conducted, eliciting responses about the work habits before the lockdown, the psychological well-being, time spent in various activities, characteristics of those who worked from home and sleep patterns. The major difference entailed by thelockdown was a reduction of time and distance to go to their workplace, which was an average of 8.9 km. In terms of diet, subjects who were vegetarian did not experience any difference, unlike those who were non-vegetarians, who reduced the intake of meat. Forced social isolation did not alter the television channels that were viewed. Among those who worked from home, most preferred to work from their bedroom. There was no change in the quality or quantity of sleep during the lockdown. This study in the early weeks of the lockdown documents the way in which individuals lived through it in terms of the built environment at home.


            Author and article information

            UCL Open: Environment Preprint
            UCL Press
            24 June 2020
            [1 ] Department of Architecture, Andhra University College of Engineering (Autonomous), Visakhapatnam, India
            [2 ] Department of General Medicine, Gayatri Vidya Parishad Institute of Healthcare & Medical Technology, Visakhapatnam
            [3 ] Department of Psychology and Parapsychology, Andhra University / Wellness Hub, Visakhapatnam, India
            [4 ] Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan, Vizianagaram, India
            [5 ] Endocrine and Diabetes Centre, Visakhapatnam, India
            Author information

            This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

            : 24 June 2020
            None None

            The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
            General architecture
            television viewing,Built environment,work from home,diet,sleep,stress,entertainment


            Date: 24/7/2020

            Handling Editor: Francesco Aletta

            The Handling Editor requested revisions; the article has been returned to the authors to make this revision.

            2020-09-17 13:38 UTC

            Date: 24/6/2020

            Handling Editor: Dan Osborn

            This article is a preprint article and has not been peer-reviewed. It is under consideration following submission to UCL Open: Environment Preprint for open peer review.

            2020-09-17 13:38 UTC

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