Informal settlements are home to over one billion people worldwide and are characterised by high population densities and poor environmental conditions. The authors identify the impact of COVID-19 on existing water and sanitation practices and potential pathways for transmission of COVID-19 in informal settlements in India and Indonesia. In the short term, there is an urgent need for mobile hand washing, washing/bathing facilities and toilets. In the long term, COVID-19 provides an opportunity to invest in centralised water and sanitation networked solutions appropriated for high-density settings to integrate those settlements into the city, improve environmental conditions and health in cities.
Author and article information
UCL Open: Environment Preprint
] UCL, Engineering for International Development Centre, Civil, Environmental and Geomatic
] Aceso Global Health Consultants Limited
] UCL, Institute for Environmental Design and Engineering
] Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University
] Indonesia One Health University Network
] Aceso Global Health Consultants Limited, India
] Population, Policy and Practice, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health
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Submission on behalf of Childhood Infections & Pollution (CHIP) ConsortiumN/A
Data availability: Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study.