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      Synergies and Trade-offs between Sanitation and the Sustainable Development Goals


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          To better leverage opportunities arising out of sustainable and inclusive management of sanitation services there is a need for robust and comprehensive evidence of the wide ranging benefits that sanitation can deliver. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) provide a comprehensive framework for sustainable development broken down into 169 interconnected Targets which are articulated under 17 Goals. Based on a methodology developed at University College London (UCL), this study identifies linkages between sanitation and the 169 Targets corroborated by published evidence. We show that there are synergies between sanitation and all 17 Goals and 130 (77%) of the Targets, and trade-offs for 28 (17%) of the Targets. We identified 83 Targets (49%) that call for action in the sanitation sector. The results demonstrate the far-reaching benefits that can be unlocked from investment in sanitation, which extend beyond health and spread across sectors. The evidence base for the 17 goals establishes links that can inform cross-sectoral action, collaborations and investment across governance levels for integrated sanitation solutions. The research provides different stakeholders with a framework that can be applied to context specific cases and projects. We propose a range of recommendations to policy-makers, practitioners, and researchers who seek to take this study further to help achieve the SDGs.

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          Author and article information

          UCL Open: Environment Preprint
          UCL Press
          5 January 2021
          [1 ] UCL EFID, CPM
          [2 ] UCL, DPU
          [3 ] UCL, ISR
          [4 ] UCL, CEGE
          [5 ] UCL, Bartlett
          [6 ] UCL, STEaPP
          [7 ] UCL, UNSW
          [8 ] Population, Policy and Practice, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health

          This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

          The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

          Earth & Environmental sciences, Engineering

          The Environment, SDG, Sanitation, Interdisciplinary, Cross-sectoral partnerships, Synergies, Trade-offs, Sustainable development, Water


          Date: 06 January 2020

          Handling Editor: Dan Osborn

          The article has been revised, this article remains a preprint article and peer-review has not been completed. It is under consideration following submission to UCL Open: Environment Preprint for open peer review.

          2021-01-06 17:16 UTC

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