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      Ticking time bomb: implications of the COVID-19 lockdown on e-waste management in developing countries

      , 1 , * , 2

      UCL Open Environment

      UCL Press

      coronavirus, COVID-19 lockdown, developing countries, e-waste, e-waste management, non-physical interactions

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          Abstract

          The COVID-19 pandemic has altered the course of events globally since the outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in late 2019 giving further credence to the long-standing belief that the world is indeed a global village. There have been different responses by countries to the raging pandemic including the imposition of lockdowns, quarantine and isolation. The imposition of lockdowns, whether full or partial, has not been without major consequences, which has led to information, communication and technological (ICT)-based measures to minimise the effect of the lockdown and as an alternative to physical interactions. The use of ICT devices to bridge the gaps created by the lockdown on schools, businesses and other sectors has led to the increased use of electronic devices. The challenge of electronic waste (e-waste) management in developing countries has been around for a while and the increased use of electronic devices is likely to compound the challenge during and post COVID-19. Whilst the development of ICT-based options as viable alternatives to face-to-face interactions may not be a negative development, this article argues that the existing frameworks are inadequate to manage the resultant increase in e-waste in most developing countries and that there is need now more than ever before for developing countries to exercise caution in embracing these ICT-based options without putting in place measures to ensure that there is increased capacity to manage and dispose of the e-waste created.

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          Most cited references 49

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          Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-2019) Infection Among Health Care Workers and Implications for Prevention Measures in a Tertiary Hospital in Wuhan, China

          Key Points Question What are the exposure details and clinical characteristics of health care workers with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China? Findings In this single-center case series including 9684 health care workers, 110 of whom had COVID-19, a higher rate of infection was found among those working in the low-contagion area during the early stage of the disease outbreak, especially among nurses younger than 45 years. Most health care workers with COVID-19 had nonsevere disease, with an asymptomatic carrier prevalence of 0.9% and a mortality rate of 0.9%. Meaning In this study, most infections among health care workers occurred during the early stage of the COVID-19 outbreak and in low-contagion areas; routine screening may be helpful in identifying asymptomatic carriers.
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            Estimates of the Potential Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Sexual and Reproductive Health In Low- and Middle-Income Countries

             Riley,  Sully,  Ahmed (2020)
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              Health consequences of exposure to e-waste: a systematic review.

              The population exposed to potentially hazardous substances through inappropriate and unsafe management practices related to disposal and recycling of end-of-life electrical and electronic equipment, collectively known as e-waste, is increasing. We aimed to summarise the evidence for the association between such exposures and adverse health outcomes.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                UCL Open Environ
                UCLOE
                UCL Open Environment
                UCL Open Environ
                UCL Press (UK )
                2632-0886
                04 August 2021
                2021
                : 3
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Lecturer, Department of Business Law, Faculty of Law, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
                [2 ]Senior Lecturer, Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
                Author notes
                *Corresponding author: E-mail: oaadejumo@ 123456oauife.edu.ng
                Article
                10.14324/111.444/ucloe.000023
                © 2021 The Authors.

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence (CC BY) 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Tables: 1, References: 69, Pages: 13
                Funding
                No funding was received for conducting this research.
                Categories
                Research Article

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