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      What are cascading disasters?

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          Abstract

          Cascades have emerged as a new paradigm in disaster studies. The high level of dependency of modern populations on critical infrastructure and networks allows the impact of disasters to propagate through socio-economic systems. Where vulnerabilities overlap and interact, escalation points are created that can create secondary effects with greater impact than the primary event. This article explains how complexity can be categorised and analysed in order to find those weak points in society that enable cascading impacts to develop. Scenarios can be used to identify critical dependencies and guide measures designed to increase resilience. Experience suggests that many potential impacts of cascading disasters remain uninvestigated, which provides ample scope for escalation of impacts into complex forms of crisis.

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          Most cited references 16

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          Landslides caused by earthquakes

           David Keefer (1984)
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            Global projections of river flood risk in a warmer world

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              THE VERY UNUSUAL INTERPLANETARY CORONAL MASS EJECTION OF 2012 JULY 23: A BLAST WAVE MEDIATED BY SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLES

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                ucloe
                ucloe
                UCL Open Environment
                UCLOE
                UCL Press (UK )
                2632-0886
                08 August 2019
                : 1
                : 1-6
                Affiliations
                [1 ]University College London, London, UK
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Gianluca Pescaroli, University College London, London, UK; Email: g.pescaroli@ 123456ucl.ac.uk
                Article
                10.14324/111.444/ucloe.000003
                Copyright © 2019 The Authors.

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 3, References: 23, Pages: 6
                Categories
                Research Article

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