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    Review of 'Africa and Climate Justice at COP27 and beyond: impacts and solutions through an interdisciplinary lens'

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    Africa and Climate Justice at COP27 and beyond: impacts and solutions through an interdisciplinary lens

    Climate justice needs to be at the heart of the COP27 negotiations in Sharm El Sheikh. Climate justice is not just a financial transaction to protect the environment. It needs to be seen as the protection of the most vulnerable in society after centuries of resource exploitation. African countries disproportionately face impacts of climate change on their environments, their economies, their resources, and their infrastructure. This leads to greater vulnerability and increased exposure to the negative effects of a changing climate. In this article, we highlight the importance of climate justice and its role within the UN negotiations, and ultimately in concrete action. We discuss current climate impacts across key sectors in the African region, with a focus on health, infrastructure, food and water scarcity, energy, and finance. All sectors are affected by climate change. They are interconnected and under threat. This triggers a ripple effect, where threats in one sector have a knock-on effect on other sectors. We find that the current set of intergovernmental institutions have failed to adequately address climate justice. We also contend that a siloed approach to climate action has proven to be ineffective. As we head towards the next set of negotiations (COP27), this paper argues that the economic and social conditions in Africa can be addressed through financial and collaborative support for adaptation and localised solutions, but that this will only be achieved if climate justice is prioritised by the decision makers. This needs to include a global-scale transition in how climate finance is assessed and accessed. Climate justice underpins real effective and sustainable solutions for climate action in Africa.
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      Review information

      10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-GEO.AGPTMX.v1.RSXBCF
      This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com.

      Environmental change,Geography
      Environment,Climate Justice,Sustainable Development,Climate Change,Climate Finance,Energy,Policy,Gender,Climate,Africa,Sustainable development,Health

      Review text

      Review provided by Dr Brian Mantlana

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      Page 4 of 37

      The continued side-lining of voices from LDCs and those most vulnerable in society is detrimental not only to those communities and regions but also to the solidarity of global climate action

      It would have been helpful to provide both an elaboration of who is sidelining the voices from LDCs and how is the sidelining of LDC voices manifests.

      Page 18 of 37

      But the Paris Agreement commitments have simply not been met.

      Strictly speaking, the agreed timeframe for implementing the Paris Agreement is from 2021 up to 2025 and up to 2030 for others. This sentence could have been written in a manner that indicates that is less definitive.

      Page 18 of 37

      There is growing interest in pushing investment into developing African gas.

      Sentence construction is too colloquial. It is likely that the authors are referring to gas reserves that are found in Africa.

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