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      What are Cascading Disasters?

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          Abstract

          Cascades have emerged as a new paradigm in disaster studies. The high level of dependency of modern populations on critical infrastructure and networks allows the impact of disasters to propagate through socio- economic systems. Where vulnerabilities overlap and interact, escalationpoints are created which can create secondary effects with greater impact than the primary event. This article explains how complexity can be categorised and analysed in order to find those weak points in society that enable cascading impacts to develop. Scenarios can be used to identify critical dependencies and guide measures designed to increase resilience.Experience suggests that many potential impacts of cascading disasters remain uninvestigated, which provides ample scope for escalation of impacts into complex forms of crisis.

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          Global projections of river flood risk in a warmer world

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            The Carrington event: Possible solar proton intensity–time profile

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              Volcanic ash in the atmosphere and risks for civil aviation: A study in European crisis management

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                UCL Open: Environment Preprint
                UCL Press
                2 July 2019
                Affiliations
                [1 ] University College London
                Article
                10.14324/111.444/000011.v3

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Comments

                Decision date: 2/7/2019

                Handling Editor: Dan Osborn

                The article has been accepted and it is suitable for publication in UCL Open: Environment.

                2020-09-23 15:09 UTC
                +1

                Date: 2/7/2019

                Handling Editor: Dan Osborn

                The Article has been revised, this article remains a preprint article and peer-review has not been completed.

                2020-09-23 15:08 UTC
                +1

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